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Haitians watch a broadcast of outgoing United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's apology to the people of Haiti for the world body's role in a deadly cholera outbreak, on a screen at the Office of International Lawyers in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, December 1, 2016. REUTERS/Andres Martinez Casares(reuters_tickers)
By Michelle Nichols
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Outgoing United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon apologised to the people of Haiti on Thursday for the world body's role in a deadly cholera outbreak blamed on Nepali U.N. peacekeepers that has killed more than 9,300 people.
Haiti was free of cholera until 2010, when the peacekeepers dumped infected sewage into a river. The United Nations does not accept legal responsibility for the outbreak of the disease that causes uncontrollable diarrhoea and has sickened 800,000 people.
But for the first time, Ban said sorry.
"The United Nations deeply regrets the loss of life and suffering caused by the cholera outbreak," Ban told the 193-member U.N. General Assembly in Creole, French and English. "We apologise to the Haitian people."
"We simply did not do enough with regard to the cholera outbreak and its spread in Haiti. We are profoundly sorry for our role," said Ban, who steps down at the end of 2016 after two five-year terms.
While Ban acknowledged that the outbreak was "a blemish on the reputation of U.N. peacekeeping," he did not specifically say that U.N. personnel were responsible for bringing the water-borne disease to Haiti.
The troops from Nepal, where cholera is endemic, were in Haiti as part of a U.N. peacekeeping force established in 2004 after President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was pushed out of office by an armed rebellion. The force size was increased after the country's 2010 earthquake.
An independent panel appointed by Ban issued a 2011 report that did not determine conclusively how cholera was introduced to Haiti. However, in 2013 the panel members independently published an article that concluded personnel associated with the U.N. peacekeeping mission were "the most likely source."
"As a father and grandfather, I felt tremendous heartache at the pain so many families have had to endure. I will never forget it," Ban said on Thursday of a visit to Haiti.
A U.S. federal appeals court upheld the United Nations' immunity in August after a lawsuit was filed in the United States on behalf of cholera victims.
Deputy U.N. Secretary-General Jan Eliasson told reporters on Thursday that the court decision had allowed Ban to apologise before the end of his term. On Thursday Ban also outlined a new approach to try and wipe out cholera in the Caribbean country.
The United Nations hopes to raise $200 million for families and communities worst-affected by the disease outbreak.
U.N. special adviser David Nabarro said in October that raising those funds through donations would be "highly unlikely." The General Assembly could instead be asked to add the cost to the U.N. budget, which is paid through assessed contributions.
Nabarro noted on Thursday that the cholera in Haiti had spread to the Dominican Republic and Jamaica, but those countries had been able to wipe it out.
In Haiti capital Port-au-Prince, some 50 victims of the cholera epidemic assembled at the Office of International Lawyers, which is part of a lawsuit claiming billions of dollars of compensation from the United Nations, to watch Ban's remarks on state television, without French or English translations.
Many of the attendees travelled hours to reach the capital and said a $200 million U.N. package would not be enough.
"They need to compensate every victim personally, that's what I think," said one of the attendees, Elizane Vilne.
(Additional reporting by Makini Brice in Port-au-Prince; Editing by Sandra Maler, Andrew Hay and Bill Rigby)