(Bloomberg) -- With turnout a key factor in Thursday’s European Union referendum, the U.K. may want to take note of how Switzerland, which typically votes on initiatives four times a year, motivates citizens to fulfill their civic duty. The Swiss cast ballots on everything from military conscription to immigration, and between 40 percent and 50 percent typically participate -- primarily by post. Still, the actual numbers vary by canton: they’re slightly higher in regions that pay voters’ postage, and the turnout winner is Schaffhausen, where non-voters are fined 6 francs ($6.3).
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