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FILE PHOTO: U.S. Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump appears at a campaign roundtable event in Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S., October 28, 2016. REUTERS/Carlo Allegri/File Photo

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By Michelle Nichols

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - New United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres spoke with U.S. President-elect Donald Trump on Wednesday, and the two had "a very positive discussion on U.S./U.N. relations," said a U.N. spokesman, a week after Trump slammed the world body on Twitter.

Guterres, a former Portuguese prime minister and U.N. refugee chief who began his five-year term on Sunday, spoke by phone with Trump, who will take office on Jan. 20, said U.N. spokesman Farhan Haq.

"This was an introductory phone call during which they had a very positive discussion on U.S./U.N. relations. The secretary-general said that he looked forward to engaging with the president after his inauguration," Haq told reporters.

Trump took to Twitter to disparage the 193-member world body after the United States abstained in a Dec. 23 U.N. Security Council vote, allowing the adoption of a resolution demanding an end to settlement building by U.S. ally Israel.

Trump, who had called on the outgoing Obama administration to veto the resolution, warned that "things will be different" at the United Nations after he takes office, without offering any details.

He followed up with another tweet on Dec. 26: "The United Nations has such great potential but right now it is just a club for people to get together, talk and have a good time. So sad!"

Guterres responded in an interview with Snapchat on Tuesday: "President(-elect) Trump also said the U.N. has an enormous potential. That's exactly what I feel. My job is to make sure that potential becomes a reality."

In an address to U.N. staff in New York on Tuesday, Guterres acknowledged that in some parts of the world there was a resistance and scepticism about the role of the United Nations.

Trump spokesman Sean Spicer said on Wednesday that the president-elect would work with Rex Tillerson, his secretary of state nominee, and Nikki Haley, his choice for U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, to "demand some reform and change." Both Tillerson and Haley must be confirmed by the U.S. Senate before taking office.

The United States is the largest contributor to the United Nations, paying 22 percent of the $5.4 billion core U.N. budget and 28 percent of the $7.9 billion U.N. peacekeeping budget. Following passage of the U.N. resolution on Israeli settlements, a top U.S. senator threatened to work to cut U.S. funding.

"This gives Guterres a reason for going big on reform quickly," said a senior U.N. diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity. "He needs to make sure he is reforming the U.N. fast enough and radically enough in order to engage the incoming U.S. administration."

(Additional reporting by Susan Heavey; Editing by Jonathan Oatis)

Reuters