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Vladimir Lukin, president of the Russian Paralympic Committee, speaks during a news conference after Russia was barred on August 7, 2016 from taking part in next month's Rio Paralympics, in Moscow, Russia, August 8, 2016. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev

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By Andrew Osborn

MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russia blamed politics for a decision to bar its Paralympians from taking part in next month's Rio Games because of a state-sponsored doping programme, saying on Monday it would press ahead with a legal attempt to overturn the ban.

The decision to exclude Russia's entire Paralympics team, announced on Sunday by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), means that at least 250 Russian competitors are set to miss the Sept. 7-18 Paralympics.

The same scandal has led to 109 out of an original 387 Russian athletes being banned from the Rio Olympics, including its entire track and field squad.

The imbroglio centres on a report for the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) that found the Russian government and the FSB security service had over years covered up hundreds of doping cases across the majority of Olympic sports, as well as Paralympic events.

The findings have rocked Russian sport and tarnished the legacy of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, which were President Vladimir Putin's showcase.

On Monday, Vladimir Lukin, president of the Russian Paralympic Committee (RPC), said that to bar his country's Paralympians from Rio would be a grave human rights violation.

"The overwhelming majority of sportspeople who were barred from taking part in the Games were absolutely clean sportspeople," he told a Moscow news conference.

"What comes first, the crime or the punishment?"

"OBLIGATIONS FULFILLED"

He told Russian news agencies the decision had a whiff of second-grade politics about it and questioned why the IPC, which he said had previously lavished praise on Russia's Paralympians, had changed its mind so suddenly.

"A week ago, everything was fine," he told the same news conference. "Then, a week later, something happened and everything is bad. Of course, it gives rise to certain thoughts."

Lukin said the RPC was ready to prove it had met all its anti-doping obligations.

He said only 20 of the 35 Russian Paralympians whose positive drug tests had been covered up between 2012 and 2015, according to WADA, had anything to do with the RPC.

Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko was cited on Sunday as saying Moscow would appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in Switzerland, sport's highest court, and Lukin confirmed that Russia would press ahead with the legal challenge.

Putin himself has also attributed the doping scandal to a political plot, a view widely shared in Russia.

The popular daily Komsomolskaya Pravda, in an editorial, said Russia's enemies were behind the latest ban.

Although not widely followed or celebrated in Russia, where rights campaigners say many disabled people are marginalized by regressive social attitudes and inadequate state support, Russian para-athletes are some of the best in the world.

Russia's Paralympians topped the medal table in Sochi after taking second place behind China at London 2012, and their exclusion from the Rio Games will sting a country that has long drawn pride and prestige from its sporting success.

(Additional reporting by Maria Tsvetkova and Alexander Winning; Editing by Kevin Liffey)

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