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A police officer stands in front of the University of Texas tower, from which a sniper 50 years ago launched a shooting rampage that left 16 people dead, during a memorial in Austin, Texas on August 1, 2016. REUTERS/Jon Herskovitz

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By Jon Herskovitz

AUSTIN, Texas (Reuters) - The University of Texas on Monday held its first memorial of a shooting rampage half a century ago that left 16 people dead, with a survivor of the massacre leading a procession across the field where she was hit by the sniper and her unborn child was killed.

Claire Wilson James walked past the spot where, at age 18, she spent nearly 90 minutes on the pavement in the hot sun next to her slain boyfriend on Aug. 1, 1966. The Texas tower shooting - so-named because the gunman fired from the university's clock tower - is regarded as the first U.S. mass shooting in a public space and sent shockwaves across the country.

The 50th anniversary coincides with the start of a new law in Texas that allows concealed handgun licence holders 21 and older to bring pistols into more places on the campuses of public colleges in the state, including classrooms.

Republican lawmakers who pushed through the "campus carry" law have said it could prevent another mass shooting. Critics see it as a wrong-headed approach that could spark more killing.

The University of Texas at Austin tried to keep campus-carry start separate from the memorial. University President Gregory Fenves said the ceremony was long overdue.

The school did not know how to respond in the aftermath of the shooting, with many thinking the best response was to not talk about it and carry on. Shooting survivors banded together a few years ago and pushed for the memorial.

At the memorial, held in the shadow of the tower, Fenves said that for many survivors, "There will never be relief from the pain and the scars you live with that have also scarred this great university."

In 1966, Charles Whitman, a 25-year-old former Marine brought a cache of weapons to the tower's observation deck, about 250 feet (76 metres) in the air, picking off people for blocks.

For the memorial, the university stopped the clock in the tower at 11:48 a.m., the time Whitman began his sniper attack.

"It is something that needed to be done to help with the healing and closure for the victims," said Austin police officer Monika McCoy, whose father, Houston McCoy, was one of the Austin police officers who climbed the tower 50 years ago and shot Whitman.

"To be walking in my father's footsteps and to look up at the tower and know what took place here 50 years ago today, it is surreal," McCoy said in an interview. She patrols the same Austin beat as did her father, who died in 2012.

(Reporting by Jon Herskovitz; Editing by Leslie Adler)

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