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New UN rights body is back to old tricks

Israel has already been criticised recently over its actions in Lebanon

(Keystone)

The Swiss government is becoming increasingly concerned by the politicisation of the fledgling United Nations Human Rights Council, which is based in Geneva.

The 47-strong body is holding a special session on Wednesday to discuss a resolution drafted by Arab and Muslim states condemning "gross human rights violations" by Israel.

It is the third time that Israel has been singled out for criticism since the council opened for business in June this year. The meeting comes a week after Foreign Minister Micheline Calmy-Rey for the first time voiced her frustration at the body, which is the result of a Swiss initiative.

Speaking in Brussels, she warned that its reputation was suffering because some countries were more intent on scoring political points than tackling human rights in an objective way.

The creation of the council earlier this year was hailed in many quarters as a new dawn for the rights of the world's oppressed after years of frustration and inaction.

Its predecessor, the Human Rights Commission, was widely discredited after serial abusers such as Libya, Zimbabwe and Cuba won seats and avoided censure.

Speaking at the close of its final session, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour called for a "profound culture shift" in attitudes. But the new council has quickly reverted to the regional groupings of the past, with Israel marked as public enemy number one.

Gaza incursion

The latest resolution condemning Israel's recent incursion into Gaza and the killing of at least 18 civilians in Beit Hanoun has been drafted by Bahrain and Pakistan on behalf of Arab and Islamic states.

The council's two previous special sessions in July and August were devoted to the Palestinian territories and the conflict in Lebanon respectively. Humanitarian crises in Sudan's Darfur region, Chechnya and Sri Lanka have yet to make it onto the agenda.

"The Middle East does not have a monopoly on human rights violations," Blaise Godet, Switzerland's ambassador to the UN in Geneva, told swissinfo.

Ahead of the creation of the new human rights watchdog, a number of countries, including Switzerland and the United States, as well as a coalition of 45 non-governmental organisations warned that tougher membership criteria were needed to prevent it going the same way as its predecessor.

Hillel Neuer, executive director of UN Watch, told swissinfo that the extent of the "bias" against Israel was even more extreme than NGOs had predicted.

He said that while there were legitimate issues to be discussed regarding Israeli action in the Middle East, these were only being treated in a one-sided way.

"It [the council] couldn't have got off to a worse start," said Neuer. "We predicted business as usual just because if it's the same ingredients you're going to wind up with the same soup."

According to UN Watch, 47 per cent of the council is made up of undemocratic countries, as opposed to 55 per cent for the defunct commission.

Lack of courage

Neuer said he was also disappointed by the failure of some western countries, including Switzerland, to take a strong lead either in raising issues such as Darfur or against the repeated targeting of Israel.

"There has been no political will to do that at all," he said. "The whole point of the Human Rights Council is to shed light on a compelling abuse and we haven't even seen an attempt on any other issues."

However, Godet said he believed that this time around European Union countries were ready to play a more active and unified role in trying to balance the resolution tabled by Arab and Muslim countries.

As for the institution itself, political negotiations on how it will function are still ongoing and the ambassador says it is too early to write it off.

"It will boil down hopefully to something effective and meaningful which, with regard to the former Human Rights Commission, will make a difference," said Godet.

He said the right time to drawn preliminary conclusions would be on the council's one-year anniversary in June 2007.

swissinfo, Adam Beaumont in Geneva

Key facts

The UN Human Rights Council meets at least three times a year for a minimum of ten weeks and can call emergency sessions to respond to crises.
It is the most senior UN body based in Geneva.
Switzerland was elected to the council with a three-year mandate on May 9.
A country needs the support of at least 16 members to call a special session.

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In brief

The resolution condemning Israel is being supported by a majority of council members: Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Cuba, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Malaysia, Mauritius, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tunisia and Zambia.

On Saturday the US vetoed a UN Security Council resolution condemning the Israeli attack on Beit Hanoun in which a number of children died.

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