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EU executive, chair Bulgaria eye deal with Poland to avert clash

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Bulgaria's Prime Minister Boyko Borissov arrive for a news conference at a ceremony starting Bulgaria's six-month presidency of the European Union in Sofia, Bulgaria, January 12, 2018. REUTERS/Stoyan Nenov


By Alastair Macdonald

SOFIA (Reuters) - The European Commission and Bulgaria, the incoming EU chair, believe a showdown on suspending Poland from the bloc over democracy concerns can be averted in the coming months, officials said on Friday.

Last month, the Commission gave Warsaw three months to amend judiciary reforms which critics say risk undermining democracy and on Tuesday the new Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki met the EU executive's President Jean-Claude Juncker for their first talks in Brussels to try and resolve the issue.

Noting that EU member states would hold a first discussion with Poland at a ministerial meeting on Feb. 27 under Bulgarian chairmanship, Bulgarian Foreign Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva told reporters that Sofia was hoping for a compromise.

"Poland should be listened to," she said, noting she would meet her new Polish counterpart in Sofia on Monday.

"We hope during this period that in the negotiations with the Commission Poland will do some reform of their reform and agree with the Commission and the situation will calm down."

Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov had said on Thursday that the EU should avoid pushing matters to the point where the other 27 member states had to vote on whether to sanction Warsaw -- a decision he said would give governments "sleepless nights".

After Juncker met Borissov on Friday in Sofia at the start of Bulgaria's six-month EU presidency, an EU official dismissed suggestions Bulgaria was trying to put a brake on moves to penalise its fellow ex-communist member state.

Warsaw and some other eastern countries complain Brussels and wealthy Western governments fail to understand them.

The Commission itself saw developments in Warsaw that it hoped bode well.

"The Commission is working to make it work within three months," an official said, adding that it was still early days to judge following Tuesday's first meeting.

However, the replacement of some of the most eurosceptic ministers and other indications from Warsaw were positive.

"There are things in the works," the official added, saying next month's ministerial meeting would be a chance to hear Poland's case. "In an ideal world, we will sort this out and there will be no vote ... There is ample time to make it work."

Two years of bitter feud between the eurosceptic, nationalist government in Warsaw and the EU have isolated Poland - once praised as the posterchild of post-communist transition - and weakend the EU's unity as it enters key negotiations over its next, long-term budget and grapples with Brexit.

(Reporting by Alastair Macdonald; Editing by Toby Chopra; @macdonaldrtr)

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