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German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends the 500th anniversary of the Reformation in front of the grave of Martin Luther at the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, October 31, 2017. REUTERS/Hannibal Hanschke

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WITTENBERG, Germany (Reuters) - Invoking the spirit of the Reformation, Chancellor Angela Merkel called for religious freedom and tolerance on Tuesday and said Germany should lend extra support to the children of refugees "who have experienced awful things."

"We have learned that tolerance is the soul of Europe," she said at a ceremony on the 500th anniversary of the reformation in Wittenberg, where Martin Luther is said to have nailed his theses challenging Catholicism to a church door.

Luther argued against what he saw as abusive practices by Catholic preachers, though the reformation divided western Christianity and resulted in violence, persecution and discrimination.

Merkel, the daughter of a protestant pastor, praised Luther's translation of the Bible into a standard form of written German, which she said made its teachings accessible to the population at large.

"Religious education was a fundamental concern of the reformation," she said, stressing the importance of education for everyone.

"To learn and develop skills, some children need to be given more support than others - for example when parental support is lacking. This applies too to integrating children from refugee families who have experienced and undergone awful things."

Merkel has come under fire for allowing more than one million migrants to enter Germany over the past two years - a decision that saw her conservatives bleed support to the anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AfD) party in a national election last month.

People from different backgrounds often knew too little about each other, she said, stressing the importance of dialogue between religions.

"Just as the freedom of belief always has to be protected from religious fanaticism, so freedom of worship, on the other hand, requires that religion be protected from contempt," Merkel added.

To honour the 500th anniversary, Reformation Day was a public holiday in Germany this year.

(Reporting by Reuters TV; Writing by Paul Carrel; editing by John Stonestreet)

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