By Crispian Balmer
ROME (Reuters) - Opponents of Silvio Berlusconi accused the former prime minister on Monday of being to blame for a surge in migrants to Italy in recent years as campaigning for a national election turned increasingly ugly.
The build up to the March 4 vote was shaken at the weekend when a neo-Nazi shot and injured six African migrants in central Italy, in a racially motivated attack after a Nigerian man was arrested on suspicion of murdering a local teenager.
While denouncing the gunman as "insane", Berlusconi, whose centre-right coalition is leading in the opinion polls, on Sunday adopted a new, hardline on immigration, saying hundreds of thousands of illegal migrants in Italy were "a social time bomb ready to explode".
The 81-year-old billionaire accused them of living off "their wits and crime" and said he would initiate mass deportations if he and his rightist allies win power next month.
The ruling centre-left Democratic Party (PD) has been lambasted by opponents for not doing more over the past four years to stem the flow of some 625,000 migrants into Italy -- most of whom set sail from Libya, which was plunged into chaos after NATO ousted former strongman Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.
"If migrants come to Italy it's because someone went to war with Libya, and the prime minister was Berlusconi," said the PD leader Matteo Renzi, adding that migrants got stuck in Italy because of an EU refugee pact that Berlusconi signed in 2003.
The leader of the anti-establishment 5-Star Movement also said Berlusconi was heavily responsible for the migrant crisis.
"When you start losing your memory aged 81, it's worrying for the whole country ," said Luigi Di Maio. "Berlusconi is responsible for the social bomb that is immigration. It is out of control because of him and because of the centre-left."
Opinion polls say Berlusconi and his far-right partners -- the League and the Brothers of Italy -- will win the most votes at the March election, but will probably fall short of an absolute majority.
Saturday's gunman, Luca Traini, stood for the League in a local election last year, but did not receive any votes. Police found a copy of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf at his house and he has a neo-Nazi symbol tattooed above his eyebrow.
Leftist politicians accuse League leader Matteo Salvini of whipping up hostility to migrants with his often fierce rhetoric against the newcomers -- a charge he denies.
Berlusconi has sought to allay fears over the sometimes extremist tones of his allies by promising to be a moderating force should they govern together. However, his comments on Sunday showed he had bought into their tough line on migration.
He doubled down on his message on Monday, urging Italians to signal to the police the whereabouts of illegal migrants and promising mass repatriations by boat and plane.
"In order to find them, everyone can point out their presence and these people will be picked up," he told Rai state television.
(Reporting by Crispian Balmer; Editing by Richard Balmforth)