Swiss research and development activities extend well beyond the country's borders.
Efforts to merge Swiss research activities with those taking place internationally began in the early 1950s. Since then these efforts have been regularly reinforced through Switzerland's full membership of the most significant research organisations and participation in the most important international research programmes, such as the European Union's Framework Programme or the European Space Agency. Scientific policy has become an integral part of Swiss foreign policy, with the a network science counsellors and Swiss Houses abroad.
SFr1 billion in funding is what Swiss researchers received from the European Union between 1992 and 2004.
Four: since 2000, the Swiss have set up science and education consulates in Boston, San Francisco and Singapore with a fourth planned for Shanghai in 2008.