Early voting trends indicate that the Swiss have rejected government proposals to ease traffic congestion in Sunday's nationwide vote, according to the GfS research institute.This content was published on January 29, 2004 - 14:20
But there are no indications yet of voting patterns on the proposal to lock up violent offenders for life and a plan to change the law on rents.
If confirmed the results, released by the GfS insitute for the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation, would be a blow for the government, which had backed the proposal.
The government plans aimed to ease traffic congestion by upgrading the country’s main roads and investing in public transport.
It was a counter-proposal to the so-called Avanti initiative, which was launched in 2000 and called for a second road tunnel through the Gotthard – Switzerland’s main north-south axis through the Alps.
The initiative was later withdrawn after the government came up with its own plans, in which up to SFr350 million of public money would be set aside annually to tackle traffic congestion.
But parliament forced the government to include the possibility of building a second tunnel in its proposals.
Opponents had argued that a second road tunnel through the Gotthard was unnecessary, costly and contravened Switzerland’s policy of protecting the Alps.
They also criticised the costs of plan at a time when massive public spending cuts are being made.
The Swiss also voted on government-backed proposals to link rents to inflation rather than mortgage rates.
The government argues that the change would put an end to landlords being able to raise rents every time there is an increase in mortgages, but failing to reduce rents when there is a drop in the rates.
But opponents claim that the plan would make it easier for landlords to force through rent increases and get rid of existing tenants just to profit from the chance of raising the rent.
They also warn the change would lead to increased costs for a majority of the Swiss population – 70 per cent of whom live in rented accommodation.
The third issue the Swiss were voting on was a people’s initiative to tighten the laws on the release into the community of violent offenders.
The initiative was launched by a group of victims and families of victims, and has the backing of the rightwing People’s Party.
It calls for offenders found guilty of sexual and violent crimes to be locked away for life if they are deemed to be a risk to society after a single psychological assessment carried out at the time of conviction.
The government, which opposes the initiative, says its own revision of the criminal law – due to come into effect in 2006 – is sufficient to protect society from such offenders.
It is also concerned that the proposed changes would undermine Switzerland’s commitment to international human rights treaties, and in particular the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantees offenders regular psychological assessments.
The Swiss normally vote four times a year on national policy issues.
The last time the Swiss went to the polls was on October 19, 2003 to cast their ballots in parliamentary elections.
The road transport and violent offenders votes would entail changes to the constitution and need the double majority of cantons and the popular vote to pass.
The rent vote only needs a simple majority of votes cast.
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