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By Jonathon Burch
KABUL (Reuters) - Afghanistan will form a new anti-corruption unit to investigate high-level graft after widespread criticism and demands from Washington for it to do more amid a wider regional strategy review.
The announcement, which included a major crime unit, comes a day after U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton bluntly warned that President Hamid Karzai and his government must do better, saying Washington wanted to see tangible evidence of Kabul's fight against rampant corruption.
On Monday, three days before Karzai was due to be sworn in for another five-year term, the government said it would set up a new body to tackle corruption and other crime.
Afghanistan has made similar announcements in the past, although previous efforts have borne little fruit.
"President Hamid Karzai ... has dedicated his five years to fighting corruption," Interior Minister Hanif Atmar, flanked by U.S. ambassador Karl Eikenberry and British ambassador Mark Sedwill, told reporters at a news briefing in Kabul on Monday.
The new anti-corruption unit, part of the Attorney General's department, would be formed to prosecute public corruption cases involving high-level officials and other major crimes, the Interior Ministry said later in a statement.
However Afghan officials gave few other details about the new unit and answered only a handful of questions.
Ambassador Eikenberry said the issue needed to be taken seriously.
"(Corruption) requires action. Words are cheap. Deeds are required," he said.
Analysts feared the new anti-corruption might just be a knee-jerk reaction to Western criticism, or be used to settle political scores.
"On the one hand they are responding to the international demands to do more against corruption, but we will have to wait until they become active and come up with results," Thomas Ruttig, co-director of independent research organisation Afghan Analysts Network, told Reuters.
Attention has focussed on the legitimacy of Karzai's new government after a fraud-marred election in August, with U.S. President Barack Obama still to decide on a new strategy for Afghanistan that might include sending up to 40,000 more troops.
Karzai fell out of favour with many in the West before the August 20 election, his government seen as riddled with corruption.
Karzai and Finance Minister Hazrat Omar Zakhilwal have railed at the increasingly trenchant criticism from the West since Karzai's re-election was confirmed earlier this month despite findings of widespread vote fraud.
Zakhilwal has said the Western must share the blame for corruption in Afghanistan, while Karzai has accused Western donors of mismanaging the billions of dollars of foreign aid that prop up Afghanistan's war-battered economy.
The next tests for Karzai will be whether he names new faces to his cabinet as he has promised and which international dignitaries attend his swearing-in on Thursday.
Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said on Monday he and President Asif Ali Zardari would attend and expected a "round table" with Afghan and other foreign officials.
Obama has said stabilising Afghanistan was an important part of Washington's strategy against terrorist networks which he said remained the greatest threat to U.S. security.
Fighting graft is also seen as critical in winning back Afghan support in the war against a resurgent Taliban.
Last week, it emerged Eikenberry had expressed deep concerns in memos to Obama about sending in more troops until Karzai's government improved its performance.
A central question as Obama debates whether to send more troops is whether Karzai can be a credible partner.
Obama, facing dissent among his advisers, has been criticised at home for "dithering" on the Afghan war strategy, with political pressure rising to make a decision soon.
General Stanley McChrystal, the top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan, has requested 40,000 more troops for the war and says the mission is at risk of failure without them.
Prosecutors in the new anti-graft unit would be trained by officials from the EU police mission in Afghanistan, as well as others from Britain and the United States. Training and vetting would include polygraph tests, the statement said.
A major crimes unit would also be established, as Clinton had said on Sunday must be done, which would refer major corruption and other criminal cases to the new anti-graft body.
(Additional reporting by Yara Bayoumy and Hamid Shalizi in KABUL, Caren Bohan in SHANGHAI and Chris Buckley in BEIJING; Writing by Paul Tait; Editing by David Fox)
(For more Reuters coverage of Afghanistan and Pakistan, see: http://www.reuters.com/news/globalcoverage/afghanistanpakistan)