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African migrants sit on the deck of an Armed Forces of Malta (AFM) patrol boat as it arrives at the AFM Maritime Squadron base in Valletta's Marsamxett Harbour July 20, 2014. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi(reuters_tickers)
By Tom Miles
GENEVA (Reuters) - Almost 100,000 boat people have made the dangerous journey across the Mediterranean to Europe this year, a roughly 60 percent increase on the whole of last year, and about 800 have died in the attempt, the U.N. refugee agency said on Thursday.
The exodus has surged this year, as far more migrants put their lives in the hands of smugglers or unseaworthy vessels in a desperate attempt to reach Europe.
More than 75,000 made the trip in the first six months of the year, landing up in Italy, Greece, Spain and Malta, the UNHCR agency said. Their number included 10,500 children, two-thirds of them unaccompanied or separated from their families.
The number of the whole of 2013 was around 60,000.
The UNHCR also said that this year the numbers are accelerating: 21,000 have reached Italy since the beginning of July.
Meanwhile, more than 260 people have died or gone missing in the past 10 days, bringing to 800 the total number of deaths so far in 2014, compared with 600 in the whole of 2013 and 500 in 2012.
"Europeans need to take urgent action to stop this catastrophe getting worse in the second half of 2014," U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres said in a statement.
Many of the migrants are fleeing violence in Eritrea and Syria, and most travel from Libya or elsewhere in North Africa.
"Rescued refugees and migrants have reported handing over their life savings to smugglers, in order to travel in unseaworthy and overcrowded dinghies, packed into a few metres of space without food, water or life jackets," the UNHCR statement said.
(Editing by Jeremy Gaunt)