Forty years ago the Swiss foreign affairs minister spent two weeks travelling around West Africa. The visit opened a new chapter in Swiss foreign policy and triggered considerable controversy and heated debates back home about neutral Switzerland’s role in the world.
On Sunday January 14, 1979, a plane took off from Zurich airport heading for Lagos in Nigeria. On board was a Swiss delegation headed by Foreign Affairs Minister Pierre Aubertexternal link.
Over the following fortnight, the delegation, which included other members of the foreign ministry and the economics ministry, visited Nigeria, Cameroon, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Ivory Coast and Senegal.
The foreign ministry had realised there was a lack of personal contacts between those in charge of Swiss foreign policy and representatives of African countries, Aubert told the Federal Councilexternal link on January 5, 1979.
“In our opinion it’s important for political and economic reasons to resume dialogue with the countries of this continent,” he said.
This article is part of a series dedicated to the History of Swiss Diplomacy in collaboration with Dodisexternal link, the Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland.
Dodis is a Bern-based research project aiming to edit key documents on Swiss foreign relations.end of infobox
Beyond representing a goodwill gesture towards African countries, the aim of the trip was to explain the focus of Switzerland’s foreign policy and to highlight the Swiss point of view concerning problems facing the continent. The itinerary also included meetings on issues linked to development cooperation and business relations.
“Cabinet ministers had started travelling abroad a few years previously, but with Aubert there was a turning point,” said Sacha Zala, director of Dodisexternal link. “As part of Swiss foreign policy people started talking about human rights – a term which had previously been more or less a taboo for Swiss ministers. The policy of neutrality prevented talking about human rights, which would have been seen as interfering in the affairs of other countries.”
A large pool of reporters ensured that the new elements of Aubert’s African adventure didn’t escape his colleagues back in Bern.
The voyage had generated headlinesexternal link even before it had begun. In addition to criticism of the “dynamism” that Aubert wanted to inject into Swiss foreign policy, some voices expressed the fear that he could express too openly the opinion of African leaders regarding apartheid South Africa.
(Translated from Italian by Thomas Stephens), swissinfo.ch