Swiss universities are increasingly popular with foreign students, especially at PhD level. As more students come to study here, Switzerland still makes it hard for many of them to stay and contribute to Swiss society.
The number of foreign students in Switzerland’s ten universities and two prestigious institutes of technology is on the rise: they made up just over 30% of students in 2019/2020 – compared with 19% in 1990/1, according to the Federal Statistical Office.
“Generally, master rather than bachelor degrees are more appealing to foreign nationals who come to study in Switzerland,” observes the stats office. But what foreign students really like are PhDs: they made up 56% of doctoral graduates in 2019/2020. This compares to an average of 25% across OECD countries.
The OECD’s Education at a Glance 2019 report on Switzerland explains why Swiss doctorates are so attractive: above-average spending on research and development, which “in turn support the progress of doctoral students both during and after their study”, and low tuition fees.
For example, the global tuition fee at the top-ranked Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich) will be CHF1,500 ($1,546) from autumn 2020, compared with an average $50,000+ annual tuition fees for many top US universities in 2019/20. (Although academic fees are low, the cost of living in Switzerland is not.)
The fact that Switzerland doctoral students are employed by the universities and earn a wage, which reduces their financial burden, is another factor, the OECD says.
Foreign students’ study subjects of choice? Natural sciences and engineering.
Admissions – strict
“Storming the ivory tower requires patience, confidence and a little help from someone who has already done it,” according to Arasan MJ, one of our Indian student bloggers, who studied for a masters in finance at the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts.
In his case, speaking to someone in charge of the course before sending in an application was very useful as it helped gauge his admission chances.
Swiss admission requirements are relatively straightforward, but can appear over-exacting. For example, the document outlining the conditions to enter the master’s in computer science at the ETH Zurich is nine pages long. And there are lots of extra documents, such as a course transcript and personal essay, to submit as well.
One accepted, those applying from outside of most of Europe also need to apply for a visa and then, once in Switzerland, a residence permit from the canton of residence.
Additionally, applicants often need to prove a good grasp of the language of instruction, be that German, French or Italian. For a growing number of graduate progammes, the language of instruction is English.
Once in, foreign students can generally expect broad support for settling into their university of choice, as well as for academic and future work issues, our reporting over the last years and our bloggers suggest.
However, according to Gaurav Singh, another one of our recent Indian student bloggers, academic life in Switzerland can be quite different to life back home. He appreciated the emphasis on the practical – rather than the theorical – in his masters course at the University of Neuchâtel, which was designed to prepare him for the job market.
But he was surprised at students calling their professors by their first name. “Several times my professors had drinks with us in apéros organised by university. It was so different from India, where you have to say either refer to your lecturer as “Sir” or “Professor” to your teacher. Socialising with them is unthinkable,” he observed.
What happens after graduation?
After graduation, almost 40% of foreign graduates leave the country, according one-off data released by the statistical office in 2017. Most of them went on to work in a neighbouring country.
It is generally easier for European graduates than those from elsewhere to find jobs in Switzerland. “Foreign graduates – especially those from outside the European Union – need to get used to rejection letters,” as Fungai Mettler, originally from Zimbabwe, wrote in a recent opinion piece for swissinfo.ch. Although she did find that networking, blind applying for jobs and going the extra mile for these applications were key to her eventual success in finding a position.
A recent study by the National Centre of Competence in Research found the so-called priority rule, which institutionalises a preference to Swiss, EU and EFTA (European Free Trade Association) candidates, and the free movement of people accord with the EU were the reason for the upper hand of European graduates in the Swiss job market.
Overall, those with degrees in STEM – science, technology, engineering and maths – were more likely to get a job, the study found.
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