Navigation

Skiplink Navigation

Main Features

Alpine marmot Cute rodent appears on postcards and plates

Their fat faces grace postcards, and their fat is used in salves. In Switzerland, the marmot is part mascot, part medicine chest – and for game lovers, a meal. 

A member of the squirrel family, alpine marmots have powerful paws and strong claws to help them dig their burrows in mountainous areas. They live in groups of up to 20 animals, and juveniles stay with their parents and siblings until ready to breed at about three years old. The tubby little guys double their weight in preparation for hibernation, which lasts from early October until mid-April.

In addition to its wild marmot populations in the Alps and the Jura region, Switzerland has a number of captive marmot clans that can be seen in parks near mountain railway stations.

Hikers are apt to hear marmots before they see them. The watchful rodents make shrill whistling noises to warn their friends of potential danger. A long whistle means an aerial predator, like an eagle. A series of short whistles indicates earth-bound predators, such as foxes. 

A current exhibition at the Swiss National Museum names the marmot as one of Switzerland’s four most iconic animals. And while it documents the case of a marmot kept as a pet, it also displays examples of medicinal products made from marmot fat. Commonly sold at Swiss pharmacies, these salves and oils are used to relieve pain, swelling and rashes.

Open season

Marmots also appear on the menus of restaurants serving more common game options, like venison. Indeed, every September and October, game keepers hunt down thousands of marmots to control their Swiss population. Like foxes, deer and chamois, marmots are fair game. 

For example, there are too many marmots in Zermatt at the moment. Farmers complain that they dig too many holes in pastures, creating a nuisance and a hazard. Zermatt Tourismexternal link acknowledges the conflict, but also celebrates the presence of some 1,000 marmots living near the Matterhorn village.

Marmot ragout

According to the Swiss newspaper Blick, marmot tastes like rabbit. Here’s the newspaper’s recipe for marmot ragout.

Ingredients: One marmot (ready to cook and cut into pieces), onions, white wine, bouillon, cream, rosemary, salt, pepper

Preparation: Sauté the marmot pieces, and drain the fat. It’s important to do this three times, allowing the meat to cool down between sessions; otherwise the meat is hardly enjoyable. Then fry the meat with the onions, season it, and then add the wine, bouillon and cream.

(Video: SRF/swissinfo.ch)

Marmot facts

Lifespan: 15-18 years in captivity

Weight: 3-8kg, depending on time of year

Length: 42-54cm, plus the 13-20cm tail

Food source: Roots, leaves, blossoms, herbs, grasses

Where to find: Mountainous terrain and sub-alpine pastures at elevations ranging from 800-3,200m

Conservation status: Least concern

end of infobox

Neuer Inhalt

Horizontal Line


subscription form

Form for signing up for free newsletter.

Sign up for our free newsletters and get the top stories delivered to your inbox.







Click here to see more newsletters

swissinfo EN

The following content is sourced from external partners. We cannot guarantee that it is suitable for the visually or hearing impaired.

Join us on Facebook!