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Soft detention Switzerland is Europe leader in prison escapees

Blick nach oben an eine Hausfassade mit vergitterten Fenstern.

Escapes from closed prisons like this one are in sharp decline in Switzerland.

(Keystone / Gaetan Bally)

Switzerland has the highest rate in Europe of prisoners who manage to flee detention centres, according to a new study.  

Figures from the reportexternal link prepared for the Council of Europe show that in 2017, over 250 inmates per 10,000 inhabitants made a run for it in Switzerland. The rate was much less in neighbouring countries: in France it was about 88 per 10,000 prison inmates, in Germany 61 and Austria 30.

prison

prison

According the University of Lausanne’s Marcelo Aebi, one of the authors of the report, the high number of prison escapees is due to the fact that Switzerland - as well as Scandinavian countries - places great emphasis on open and semi-open detention in order to help prisoners adjust to liberty once their detention ends.

Aebi adds that countries that rely heavily on open prisons and reintegration generally have a lower rate of prison inmates overall. The recidivism rates are also lower in such countries and re-socialisation of criminals is more successful.

"Countries that have a very restrictive prison system without open detention have an average relapse rate of around 50%in the long term," says Aebi.

In countries with an open prison system, the relapse rate among adults, measured in terms of new convictions, is 38%, the study shows.

Classic prison escape declining

But the figures on escapee convicts also show that “classic” prison breakouts - i.e. those from closed prisons - are declining sharply in Switzerland.

In 2010, 24 prisoners broke out of closed Swiss prisons. Last year only six managed. Escape from open prisons varies greatly from year to year. In 2012, for example, 250 prisoners fled while in 2017, there were 170 escapees.

Patrick Gilliéron Lopreno Shedding light on the world of prisons

Photographer Patrick Gilliéron Lopreno visited prisons in French-speaking Switzerland, where he spent two years researching for an exhibition.



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