Despite having a superb public transport system, Switzerland has developed a comprehensive road network that ranks among the safest in Europe.
There are over five million cars on the road in Switzerland. However, car-sharing is also popular: the Mobility car-sharing system has been more successful in Switzerland than in any other country where it operates.
Drivers must be at least 18 years old in Switzerland to operate motorbikes and cars, and at least 21 to drive buses. Driving at 16 or even 14 is permitted in certain cases for small mopeds and scooters as well as farm equipment.
In Switzerland people drive on the right side of the road.
Foreigners coming to Switzerland can use their national driving licence from home for the first 12 months of their stay, but must exchange their national driver's licence for a Swiss one before the 12 months are up. This is largely an administrative matter for EU/EFTA nationals, as well as those from numerous other countries, including Australia, Canada, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore and the United States. Nationals of some other countries must take a practical test, a road test or both to obtain a Swiss licence. Typically the driver may keep the foreign licence but it will no longer be valid for driving in Switzerland. Some cantons require drivers to have a vision test.
Here is more information on obtaining a Swiss driving licence.
For a list of road traffic offices by canton please visit the Association of Road Traffic Offices in German or French. Please also visit the Federal Roads Office for more information. For a list of traffic signs in Switzerland, visit this page of the Federal Roads Office in German, French or Italian.
Vehicles must meet regulations set for safety as well as noise and exhaust emissions.
Vehicles can be imported into Switzerland duty-free for those who are moving to the country to reside. At the point of entry the owner must present customs officials with form 18.44 (Declaration for clearance of household effects) completed in duplicate. Download that form here.
In addition the owner must present a valid driver's licence and the vehicle's proof of purchase documents.
Once in the country, the vehicle must be brought to the appropriate authorities for inspection. Vehicles that are to remain in Switzerland for longer than one year must have Swiss plates. Drivers here for longer than one year will also need a Swiss drivers license.
More information on customs formalities when relocating to Switzerland can be found at the Federal Customs Office.
Children under 12 years old who are not yet 150cm (four feet 11 inches) tall must ride in booster seats, while even smaller children must be restrained in appropriate child-safety seats. More information on child seats here. Drivers and passengers on all motorised two-wheeled vehicles must wear helmets.