Only about a quarter of all exhibitions in Swiss art museums are dedicated to women artists, an under-representation also seen in key leadership positions in art institutions. SWI swissinfo.ch revealed these numbers in a survey and has reported on what is being done to balance gender equity in the art world.This content was published on December 22, 2021 - 09:00
- Deutsch Der Kampf um Gleichstellung in Schweizer Kunstinstitutionen
- Español La lucha por la igualdad de género en los museos de arte
- Português Mulheres lutam por igualdade de gênero nos museus de arte
- 中文 艺术博物馆里的性别平等斗争
- Français Comment lutter pour l'égalité des sexes dans les musées d'art
- عربي كفاح طويل من أجل تعزيز المساواة بين الجنسين داخل الفضاء الفني
- Pусский Женщины и гендерное равенство в стенах музеев Швейцарии
- 日本語 スイスの芸術機関 ジェンダー平等を求めて
- Italiano La lotta per la parità di genere nei musei d'arte
More and more women are taking the lead in Swiss art museums – most recently Ann Demeester at Zurich’s Art Museum. But much needs to be done to bring more art works produced by women on the walls of art institutions.
In Switzerland, various projects have been launched in recent years to promote the work of women artists and to support them in their careers. From a women-only museum to coaching programmes and street or social media activism, women are laying claim to the artistic landscape. But the slow pace comes as no surprise in a land where women were only granted the right to vote at a national level in 1971.
Switzerland is home to many great artists, but until recently it was mostly men that gained worldwide attention. But little by little, Swiss women artists have also started to be recognised abroad, in important competitions and museums. Even in Switzerland, women who have been creating for decades are only now being noticed by their home country’s institutions. For example, doyens Esther Eppstein and Vivian Suter were the winners of this year’s Swiss Grand Award for Art (the Prix Meret Oppenheim).
The Bilanz artists ranking, a reference in the field, annually ranks the most interesting and internationally successful Swiss artists based on content and relevance rather than market value. In the latest (2021) edition five women are in the top 10: Basel-born Miriam Cahn is top of the list, followed by Pipilotti Rist in second place, then Silvia Bächli (6th), Pamela Rosenkranz (9th) and Shirana Shahbazi (10th).
Until 2019 there was no empirical way of determining how visible, or invisible, women artists were in the country’s cultural institutions; the Federal Statistical Office did not have data on equality in art museums. SWI swissinfo.ch and Swiss public television RTS joined hands to fill the gap and published the first national survey on inequality in art institutions. Between 2008 and 2018, we found that only 26% of all solo exhibitions in Swiss art museums were dedicated to women.
The struggle for women artists’ recognition is also a worldwide issue. The Guerrilla Girls’ protest at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York in 1984 – sparked by the exhibition “An International Survey of Recent Painting and Sculpture”, in which 13 of 169 artists were women – is considered a milestone, but the fight has been going on much longer.
In its message on culture policy for 2021-2024, the Swiss government prioritised the promotion of gender equality in the cultural sector. For the moment, however, financing allocated by the Federal Office of Culture to museums has no “equality clause.” The implementation of temporary quotas to guarantee better balance of gender has not managed to find consensus among the many actors in the cultural sector.
Gender inequality doesn’t only concern art museums. A June 2021 study commissioned by the Pro Helvetia arts council revealed that across the cultural sector “women are notably underrepresented, both at the level of strategic and artistic direction as well as on the stage and in exhibitions”. The researchers looked at performance art (dance and theatre), music, literature, and visual arts, and found that numbers vary widely across disciplines.