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Endangered languages Jura dialect recognized as minority language in Switzerland

The Swiss border with France in the Jura

Until the 19th century “Franc-Comtois" was spoken in  what is now the Swiss canton of Jura and the neighbouring region known as the Franche-Comté in France.


The Swiss government has decided to recognize the dialect of the Jura region as a minority language in Switzerland, reports the Swiss broadcaster RTS. 

This decision, made discreetly at the beginning of the month, is in line with a recommendation from the Council of Europe and its Charter on regional or minority languages. 

Some 3,000 to 4,000 people speak or understand the dialect known as "Patois jurassien” and they are delighted at the decision, reports RTSexternal link. They hope it will bring federal funding for initiatives to keep the language alive. Maurice Jobin, president of the Jura patois speakers’ association, also told RTS that Jura will host the francophone Swiss and international patois festival (“Fête romande et internationale des patois”) in September 2021. 

The federal government has already recognized the “patois” of cantons Valais, Fribourg and Vaud as minority Swiss languages, but the roots of "Patois jurassien” are different. The Jura dialect is “Franc-Comtois", whereas the others are Franco-Provençal. 

+Read more about Switzerland’s dialects

The decision gives new visibility to the dialects of francophone Switzerland, says RTS. These endangered languages are the subject of research and of numerous cultural projects supported by the cantons.

Switzerland has already recognized Romansh and Italian as minority languages in Switzerland in the sense of the European Charter. It also recognizes Yenish and Yiddish as languages that are not territorially tied.


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